Plant Families

Helianthus annus (Sunflower) Family Astraceae Compositae

Astraceae is the largest family of angiosperms comprising of 950 Genera and approximately 20,000 species. Most common genera are Helianthus annus (sunflower), Sonchus asper (dodak), Carthamus tinctorius (kusum), Artemesia absinthium (afsantin), Lactuca sativa (salad), Ageratum conyzoides, Tagetes (gainda), Zinnia, Xanthium, etc. The members of the family are worldwide in distribution. Distingushing Features Helianthus annus (sunflower) Herb, with simple alternate leaves, flower is capitula, ...

Read More »

Family Rosaceae Rosa indica (Rose-Gulab)

The Rosaceae family consists of about 115 genera and 3200 species. The members of the family are worldwide in distribution. Such as Rose Gulab (Rosa indica). They are found in temperate and cold regions. The family is important for its valuable fruit plants and beautiful and fragrant flowers. The common representative genera are: Rosa indica (gulab), Prunus spp (badam, khubani, ...

Read More »

Cucurbitaceae – Cucurbita maxima (Kadu)

Cucurbitaceae – Cucurbita maxima (Kadu) The family comprises of 100 genera and 850 species distributed mainly in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Most members are cultivated for their edible fruits. The common are: Cucurbita maxima (Kadu), Luffa cylindrica (Ghia tori), Cucumis sativus (Cucumber), Citrullus vulgaris (Water melon) and momordica charantia (Karela). Distinguish Features: Herbs with weak stems tendril ...

Read More »

Umbelliferae – Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya)

Umbelliferae – Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya) Herb with a fistular stem, leaves, alternate, generally compound or much incised, inflorescence a typical compound umbel, flower actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, epigynous, pentamerous, calyx 5 sepals, corolla 5 free petals, stamens 5, bicapillary, inferior ovary. Some important genera are Coriandrum sativum, Carum carvi (kala zera), Cuminum cyminum (Safad zera), Foeniculum vulgare (Saunf). Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya): Habit: A ...

Read More »

Family Fabaceae – Acacia nilotica

Fabaceae (Mimosaceae) The plants of this family almost exclusively tropical or sub-tropical in distribution. The family is represented by about 40 genera. Most members exhibit xeromorphic characteristics. The most common genera are; Acacia nilotica (kikar), mimosa pudica (lajvanti), Prosopis, Albizia lebbeck (shirin), etc. Distinguish Features: Shrubs or tree, pinnate compound leaves, stipules are modified into thorns, inflorescence a spikate, head, ...

Read More »

Fabaceae – Cassia fistula

Fabaceae-Caesalpiniaceae The members of the family are distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions. There are about 135 genera in the family. The most commonly found members of the family are Cassia fistula (amaltas), Bauhinia (kachnar – flowers used as vegetable), Tamarindus (imli), Poinciana (gul-e-mohr), Parkinsonia (vilayati kikar), Saraca indica (ashok) and Caesalpinia. Distinguish Features: Herb, shrubs or tree, paripinnate compound ...

Read More »

Fabaceae (Papilionaceae) – Lathyrus odoratus

Fabaceae (Papilionaceae) The members of the family are distributed in plains and hilly areas of temperate regions of both northern and southern hemisphere. Most of the plants are herbs and flower during winter. Most members are cultivated for their economic value as they are source of pulses, fodder, etc. The family comprises of 375 genera Distinguish Features: Herb, shrubs or ...

Read More »

Rutaceae – Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae (Citrus Family) The members of the family are worldwide in distribution in warm temperate and tropical regions of the world. The family comprises of 140 genera 1300 species. In Pakistan, the family is represented by Citrus aurantium (Orange), Murraya exotica (kamini), Ruta graveolens (a strong-smelling herb), etc. Distinguish Features: Shrubs or small tree, simple alternate leaves, dotted with glands, ...

Read More »

Hibiscus-Rosa-sinensis (China rose)

Malvaceae The members of the family are worldwide in distribution especially in tropical regions of the world. The family consists 0f 82 genera and 1500 species. Commonly found species of Pakistan are: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (china rose), Malva sylvestris, Alcea rosea (hollyhock), Abutilon (kangi), Gossypium (cotton), etc. Distinguish Features: Herbs of shrubs, simple alternate leaves, flower hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous having epicalyx, ...

Read More »

Brassica campestris-Yellow mustard

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) The members of the family are cosmopolitan in distribution commonly found in north temperate regions. The family comprises of about 350 Genera and 2500 Species. The most common species found in Pakistan are: Brassica campestris (sarson), Brassica oleracea, Raphanus sativus (radish), Iberis amara, Senebiera didyma (a weed of cultivation during cold season), etc. Distinguish Features: Mostly herbs with ...

Read More »
Distributed by name369.com