Plant Families

Avena sativa (Oat – Jai, Barley) Family Poaceae (Graminae)

The family comprises of about 500 genera and 4500 species including such as Avena sativa (Oat – Jai, Barley) commonly distributed in temperate region, but are also found in tropical and sub-trope! Areas. in Pakistan family is represented by many crop plants such as: Triticum aestivum (Wheat), Oryza sativa (rice), Hordeum vulgare (barley), Zea mays (maize), Sorghum vulgare (jowar), Avena ...

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Ocimum basilicum (Niazbo) Mint Family Labiatae

Ocimum basilicum (Niazbo) is a tender plant, best known as a culinary herb which belongs to family labiatae (Mint Family). Most of the herbs belongs to this family are angular stem, leaves simple arranged opposite decussate manner, aromatic glands, Inflorescence verticillaster, complete flower, bisexual, zygomorphic, hypogynous, bilibiate stamens, didynamous epipetalous, carpels two ovaries, fuse. Fruit, schizocarpic. The important genera are Ocimum basilicum, ...

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Asphodelus tenuifolius (Piazi) Family Liliaceae

The family comprises of about 240 genera and 4000 species found in temperate and sub-tropical regions of the world such as Asphodelus tenuifolius. Most species are annual or perennial herbs. The important genera are: Lilium, Aloe, Allium (onion) and Asparagus. The representative species is Asphodelus tenuifolius (piazi). Asphodelus tenuifolius (Piazi) Habit It is an annual weed. Root The roots are ...

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Ricinus communis (Castor-Oil Plant — Arind) Family Euphobiaceae

The family consists of about 283 genera and 7300 species such as Ricinus communis. members of the family are distributed worldwide except in arctic regions. In Pakistan, the family is represented by several genera like Euphorbia, Croton (Jamalghota), Jatropha, Emblica (amla), etc. Ricinus communis (Castor-Oil Plant — Arind) Ricinus communis is an annual or perennial shrub. The seeds are source ...

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Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium album (Pigweed — Bathu)

The family comprises of herbaceous annuals growing as weeds in the cultivated fields and as well as in the forests as under-growths. E.g., Chenopodium album also known as Pigweed or Bathu belongs to family Chenopodiaceae. Chenopodium album (Pigweed — Bathu) Habit Chenopodium album is a common annual herb found as a weed in wheat fields. The tender twigs are used as vegetable ...

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Helianthus annus (Sunflower) Family Astraceae Compositae

Astraceae is the largest family of angiosperms comprising of 950 Genera and approximately 20,000 species. Most common genera are Helianthus annus (sunflower), Sonchus asper (dodak), Carthamus tinctorius (kusum), Artemesia absinthium (afsantin), Lactuca sativa (salad), Ageratum conyzoides, Tagetes (gainda), Zinnia, Xanthium, etc. The members of the family are worldwide in distribution. Distingushing Features Helianthus annus (sunflower) Herb, with simple alternate leaves, flower is capitula, ...

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Family Rosaceae Rosa indica (Rose-Gulab)

The Rosaceae family consists of about 115 genera and 3200 species. The members of the family are worldwide in distribution. Such as Rose Gulab (Rosa indica). They are found in temperate and cold regions. The family is important for its valuable fruit plants and beautiful and fragrant flowers. The common representative genera are: Rosa indica (gulab), Prunus spp (badam, khubani, ...

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Cucurbitaceae – Cucurbita maxima (Kadu)

Cucurbitaceae – Cucurbita maxima (Kadu) The family comprises of 100 genera and 850 species distributed mainly in tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. Most members are cultivated for their edible fruits. The common are: Cucurbita maxima (Kadu), Luffa cylindrica (Ghia tori), Cucumis sativus (Cucumber), Citrullus vulgaris (Water melon) and momordica charantia (Karela). Distinguish Features: Herbs with weak stems tendril ...

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Umbelliferae – Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya)

Umbelliferae – Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya) Herb with a fistular stem, leaves, alternate, generally compound or much incised, inflorescence a typical compound umbel, flower actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, epigynous, pentamerous, calyx 5 sepals, corolla 5 free petals, stamens 5, bicapillary, inferior ovary. Some important genera are Coriandrum sativum, Carum carvi (kala zera), Cuminum cyminum (Safad zera), Foeniculum vulgare (Saunf). Coriandrum sativum (Dhaniya): Habit: A ...

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Family Fabaceae – Acacia nilotica

Fabaceae (Mimosaceae) The plants of this family almost exclusively tropical or sub-tropical in distribution. The family is represented by about 40 genera. Most members exhibit xeromorphic characteristics. The most common genera are; Acacia nilotica (kikar), mimosa pudica (lajvanti), Prosopis, Albizia lebbeck (shirin), etc. Distinguish Features: Shrubs or tree, pinnate compound leaves, stipules are modified into thorns, inflorescence a spikate, head, ...

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