General Characteristics of Charophytes

Charophyta The green algae included in this division was once classified in Chlorophyta as a class Charophyceae, but now raised to the status of division. The genera included in Charophyta are very much different from the members of Chlorophyta morphologically and in some other characteristics. General Characteristics of Charophyta The plant body is macroscopic and resembles those of Arthrophyta. The ...

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Characteristics of Chlorophyta

Chlorophyta The division Chlorophyta (Gr. chloros=green + phyton=plant) includes a single class Chlorophyceae (Gr. phykos=seaweeds). Characteristics of Chlorophyta The members of this division are characterized by presence of grass-green chromatophores. The green algae are widespread and occur both in fresh and marine waters, on moist wood and rocks, and on the surface of and within soil. A number of species are ...

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Glycolysis Cycle

Glycolysis Degradation of Glucose to Pyruvate Glycolysis definition:- In all living organisms, the initial phase of respiratory metabolism involves degradation of glucose in to pyruvate. The steps involved in the degradation were studied and explained by three biochemists namely Emden, Meyerhof and Parnas, therefore, it is also called EMP pathway. The enzymes for breakdown of glucose are present in the ...

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Mendel’s Law Of Independent Assortment

LAW OF INDEPENDENT ASSORTMENT It states that, when two contrasting pairs of trait are followed in the same cross, their alleles assort independently into the two gametes and the distribution of alleles of one trait into gametes has no influence on the distribution of alleles of the other trait. Alleles of one pair inherit independently of alleles the other pair. ...

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Endoplasmic Reticulum

Endoplasmic Reticulum The word endoplasmic means “within” the cytoplasm. The word “reticulum” means the “network”. The Endoplasmic reticulum consists of a network of membranous tubules and sacs called cisternae. The ER are extensive in the cell. They are composed of more than half of the total membrane in many eukaryotic cells. The ER membrane separates the cisternal space from the ...

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Linkage Map

Gene Mapping A linkage map is a chromosome map of a species that demonstrates the position of its known genes or markers with respect to each other, as opposed to as particular physical focuses on each chromosome.A Linkage map is unique in relation to quality map. Thomas Hunt Morgan watched that the measure of traverse between connected genes is distinctive. ...

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STRUCTURE AND ROLE OF PROTEINS

The branch of science that deals with plants and animals is known as Biology and the sub branch which deals with the cell structure and their functionalities is known as Cellular Biology. Both structure and function are equally important and one cannot be given precedence over the other. One of the most important aspects that need to be taken care ...

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CHARACTERISTIC FUNCTIONS OF CELL

 FUNCTIONS OF CELL Cells are an integral part of any living organism. It is them that collectively form a system which is why; studying their functions is one of the primary things to learn for the humans. Studies have revealed that the cells work in groups and are parts of larger entities known as tissues. Different cells perform different kinds ...

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CELL DIVISION PROCESS (MITOSIS)

CELL DIVISION PROCESS Reproduction is one of the most important things that a cell has to undergo for most of its lifespan. It is a complex process that is undertaken in multiple steps, one at a time. There is a sequence attached to these steps which are carried out in a manner such that all information (DNA and genetic) along ...

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