Lycopodiophyta-LYCOPSIDA

Occurrence Selaginella is a tropical plant. It has world wide distribution. It grows in damp forests. Some species occur in temperate regions. They grow in moist shady places. General structure The plant body is sporophyte. The body is divided into root, stern and leaves. Stem: The main stein is prostrate. Some erect braches arise form the main stem. Rhizophore: Main ...

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Fabaceae – Cassia fistula

Fabaceae-Caesalpiniaceae The members of the family are distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions. There are about 135 genera in the family. The most commonly found members of the family are Cassia fistula (amaltas), Bauhinia (kachnar – flowers used as vegetable), Tamarindus (imli), Poinciana (gul-e-mohr), Parkinsonia (vilayati kikar), Saraca indica (ashok) and Caesalpinia. Distinguish Features: Herb, shrubs or tree, paripinnate compound ...

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Fabaceae (Papilionaceae) – Lathyrus odoratus

Fabaceae (Papilionaceae) The members of the family are distributed in plains and hilly areas of temperate regions of both northern and southern hemisphere. Most of the plants are herbs and flower during winter. Most members are cultivated for their economic value as they are source of pulses, fodder, etc. The family comprises of 375 genera Distinguish Features: Herb, shrubs or ...

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Rutaceae – Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae (Citrus Family) The members of the family are worldwide in distribution in warm temperate and tropical regions of the world. The family comprises of 140 genera 1300 species. In Pakistan, the family is represented by Citrus aurantium (Orange), Murraya exotica (kamini), Ruta graveolens (a strong-smelling herb), etc. Distinguish Features: Shrubs or small tree, simple alternate leaves, dotted with glands, ...

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Hibiscus-Rosa-sinensis (China rose)

Malvaceae The members of the family are worldwide in distribution especially in tropical regions of the world. The family consists 0f 82 genera and 1500 species. Commonly found species of Pakistan are: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (china rose), Malva sylvestris, Alcea rosea (hollyhock), Abutilon (kangi), Gossypium (cotton), etc. Distinguish Features: Herbs of shrubs, simple alternate leaves, flower hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, pentamerous having epicalyx, ...

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Brassica campestris-Yellow mustard

Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) The members of the family are cosmopolitan in distribution commonly found in north temperate regions. The family comprises of about 350 Genera and 2500 Species. The most common species found in Pakistan are: Brassica campestris (sarson), Brassica oleracea, Raphanus sativus (radish), Iberis amara, Senebiera didyma (a weed of cultivation during cold season), etc. Distinguish Features: Mostly herbs with ...

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Ranunculaceae – Delphinium ajacis

Delphinium ajacis (Rocket Larkspur) The family include about 35 genera and 1500 species distributed in temperature and colder regions of the world. The family includes many common plants such as Ranunculus (buttercup), Caltha (marsh marigold), Clematis, Anemone, Thalictrum (mamira), Delphinium (larkspur), Nigella (kala zira) and Aconitum (monkshood). Distinguishing Features: Mostly herbs with simple leaves, flower hypogynous with free sepal and petals, ...

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SPHENOPSIDA-Equisetopsida

SPHENOPSIDA-Equisetopsida Occurrence The genus Equisetum has 25 species. It is world wide in distribution. They are most common in temperate regions. It generally grows in moist places. General structure The plant body is sporophyte. It is composed of rhizome, aerial branches, scale leaves and roots. 1.  Rhizome: Plant body has horizontal underground rhizome. Rhizoine gives off erect aerial brandies. Rhizome ...

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PTEROPSIDA-Ferns

Occurrence Adiantum is a common fern. It is found in the plains of the Punjab. It grows in shady places. It is found on moist walls or rocky places. The common specie of this genus is Adiantum Capillus-Veneris. General structure The vegetative plant body is a sporophyte. It is differentiated into stem, leaves and roots. 1.  Rhizome: The stem is ...

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The Family Ranunculaceae

Ranunculaceae The family include about 35 genera and 1500 species distributed in temperature and colder regions of the world. The family includes many common plants such as Ranunculus (buttercup), Caltha (marsh marigold), Clematis, Anemone, Thalictrum (mamira), Delphinium (larkspur), Nigella (kala zira) and Aconitum (monkshood). Distinguishing Features: Mostly herbs with simple leaves, flower hypogynous with free sepal and petals, stamens indefinite ...

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