Sanger Method Of DNA Sequencing Step by Step

Sanger Sequencing - Sanger Method of DNA Sequencing

Sanger method of DNA sequencing is an in-vitro method, which involves in-vitro synthesis of DNA strand complementary to one of the strands of the DNA being sequenced. Sanger sequencing is utilized for determining the nucleotide sequence of DNA. This DNA sequencing method was developed by F. Sanger as the method name suggest it self. The DNA sequencing steps involves random ...

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Self Pollination And Its Types

Self Pollination - Types of Self Pollination

Self Pollination Self pollination is defined as the transfer of mature pollen grains from the anther of flower to stigma of same flower or to that of another flower of the same plant. So, this whole process is termed as Self pollination or Autogamy (auto – self, Gamos – marriage). For example in Pea, Cotton or “Tomato. Self pollination takes place in ...

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The Translocation Mutation And Down Syndrome [ Definitions and Details]

Translocation Mutation

Translocation mutation is also termed as chromosomal translocation, translocation chromosomal mutation, DNA translocation, or simply translocations. Translocation mutation involves the movement of a segment of a chromosome to a new place in the genome. The translocation may occur within a single chromosome. Reciprocal Translocation if the chromosomal translocation occurs between two non-homologous chromosomes. this condition is known as Reciprocal Translocation. ...

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The Chromosomal Inversion and Its Types

Chromosomal Inversion

Chromosomal inversion is also called by different names (genetic inversion, chromosome inversion or inversion mutation). The Inversions are chromosomal mutations that conclude a segment of a chromosome that is turned around 180o and is reinserted into the chromosome. It does not involve a loss of genetic information but simply rearranges the linear gene sequence. An inversion involves two breaks along ...

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The Chromosome Duplication And Ohno Thesis [Gene Redundancy]

Chromosome Duplication

Chromosome duplication occurs when any part of the genetic material – A single locus or a large piece of a chromosome is present more than once in a genome. As in deletions pairing in heterozygotes may produce a compensation loop. Chromosome duplication may arise as a result of unequal crossing between synapsed chromosomes during meiosis or through a replication error ...

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The Chromosome Deletion or Deficiencies Phase In Chromosomal Aberration

chromosome deletion

The chromosome deletion is also termed as (gene deletion, Deletion mutation, Deficiency or deletions) is a chromosomal aberration in which a portion of a chromosome or a part of genetic material (DNA) is lost during the process of replication, that missing piece is referred as Chromosome Deletion or Deficiency. Types of Chromosome Deletions The chromosome deletion or deficiency may be Terminal ...

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Polyploidy Detailed Guide – Types of Polyploidy, Polyploidy In Wheat

Polyploidy in Plants

Polyploidy – Types of Polyploidy In Plants, Differentiate Autopolyploidy and Allopolyploidy Polyploidy is a type of condition in which the individuals contains more than two multiples of the haploid chromosome sets. Those individuals in which this condition is found are called Polyploids. And the phenomenon is referred as polyploidy as above mentioned. If an individual has 3n chromosomes, it is termed ...

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Classification of Plants – Units, History, Systems – Armen Takhtajan Plant Classification

Plants Classification

Botanical Classification of Plants – Classification of Plants By Different Scientists, Their Merits and Demerits With Plant Classification Chart Classification of plants is their arrangement into groups having common characteristics. These groups are arranged into a system. Similarly, species of flowering plants are placed in a Genus; similar genera are grouped into Families; families with common features are arranged into Orders; ...

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Give Variation in Chromosome Number Significance And Describe Endopolyploidy


Significance of Variation in Chromosome Number – Briefly Describe Endopolyploidy And Define Gene Redundancy Variation in chromosome number study has enhanced our knowledge of evolution. Monosomy and trisomy in both plants and animals have made it clear that the diploid genome expresses genetic information in a delicate balanced way. In humans, this equilibrium of genetic expression is much important as ...

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